Fallacies in Reasoning

  • engages in faulty generalisations (confusing ‘some’ with ‘all’) or oversimplification
  • misunderstands cause and effect (post hoc ergo propter hoc)
  • uses tautology (saying the same thing twice)
  • uses false analogy
  • uses non-sequitur (‘it does not follow’)
  • attacks a person or a person’s background, instead of the person’s ideas (ad hominem)
  • uses slippery slope reasoning
  • reflects a search for perfect solutions
  • equivocates
  • inappropriately appeals to common opinion (ad populum)
  • appeals to questionable authority
  • appeals to emotions
  • attacks a straw person
  • presents a faulty/false dilemma (either/or)
  • engages in wishful thinking
  • explains by naming
  • diverts attention from the issue (eg ignoring the question)
  • distracts with glittering generalities
  • begs the question (sleight of hand)

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TransCatholic ⚧️✝️ | Liberal Arts student @notredamesyd | Thomistic Personalist | CPTSD survivor | all opinions expressed here to move the needle are my own

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Source: https://www.omaritani.com/blog/what-you-think

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Dana Pham

Dana Pham

TransCatholic ⚧️✝️ | Liberal Arts student @notredamesyd | Thomistic Personalist | CPTSD survivor | all opinions expressed here to move the needle are my own

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